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新东方新概念2笔记新东方学习笔记-新概念英语3Lesson 12_新概念英语视频
2022-08-02

There?were?hardly?any?trees?on?the?island?and?there?was?no?water,?but?this?did?not?prove?to

could?等情态动词的过去时形式。

desertn.沙漠vt.,遗弃

equipmentn.装备,设备

Newwordsandexpression生词和短语

--Iwishthatyouhadwrittentohim.=Iamsorryyoudidn’twritetohim.

--Thechancesarethathewillpasshiaminationnextweek.

forman?unrealistic?picture?of?sth对…抱有不切实际的幻想

idlenessn.闲散,懒惰,赋闲无事

--Heisgenuinelythankfultome.他由衷地地感谢我。

hardlyany=verylittle/few(hardlyadv.刚刚,几乎不)

Dinghyn.救生筏,小船

版权及免责声明

wretchednessn.可怜,悲惨

4...Bthink?of?sb/sthas…把某人、某事看作为...

They?were?taking?a?badly?damaged?boat?from?the?Virgin?Islands?to?Miami?to?have?it?repaired

6hadn‘tmentionedittohim.

Fruitn.水果,果实,果类,

--IwishIhadn‘tspentsomuchmoney.=IamsorryIspendsomuchmoney.

Multiplechoicequestions多项选择

Perhapsthereisanelementoftruthinboththesepictures,butfewushavehadthe

EitheryouorIamgoingtotheparty.(谓语动词和最接近的主语保持一致)

opportunitytofindout.

--IhadthechanceofvisitingParis.=IhadtheopportunityofvisitingParis.

Two?men?who?recently?spent?five?days?on?a?coral?island?wished?they?had?stayed?there?longer.?

presentvt.介绍,赠送,呈现

--Wewishthatweknewwheretolookforhim.=Ifonlyweknewwheretolookforhim.

elementn.成分

Wesometimesimagineadesertislandtobeasortofparadisewherethesunalwaysshines.

Demonstratev.论证,表明,举行,

Specialdifficulties难点

5hadstudiedhardthen.

Ripeadj.熟的,成熟的

chance表机会时可以与opportunity互换(后面+ofdoing,或todo)

Provevt.证明,

--Ifonlyyouhadn‘tsaidthat.你要是不说那句话多好啊!

Heavenn.天堂,(也指死亡--gotoheaven)

1...C要么是过度乐观,要么是过度的悲观

opportunityn.机会

9...B

1如果表达与现在情况相反,that从句中的动词要用过去时(be?动词要用were)。

某人或某事被发现怎么样,常用被动语态。

3werehere(强调:他在这儿,该有多好)

所表达的意思是:你要是能开车就好了。(表达一种遗憾的心情)

--Ifonlywecouldhavegonetotheparty.要是我们昨天能参加那个该有多好啊!

觉得、发现某人或某事怎么样:find?sb/sth?to?be

--Theyfoundthetriptobeveryexciting.

Genuineness(n.)

谓语动词wish之后的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气

undulyadv.不适当地,过度地,不正当地

The?men?collected?rainwater?in?the?rubber?dinghy.

pessimisticadj.悲观的,厌世的

wretchedadj.可怜的,艰苦的

要是我们知道到哪去找他该有多好啊!

Sinkvi.沉下,(使)下沉

wish,ifonly

--Ifonlyyouwouldcomeheretomorrow.你明天要是能来该有多好啊!

chance表可能性时(=possibility),则不可opportunity互换。

12...Aput?it=express

They?quickly?loaded?a?small?rubber?dinghy?with?food,?matches,?and?cans?of?beer?and?rowed

7...BRefrigeratorsareuseful.=Arefrigeratorisuseful.

--ThereisachancethatIwillseehim.我有可能见到她。

2如果表达与过去情况相反,that从句中的动词要用过去完成时。

--The?car?is?found?to?be?beautiful.

--opportunityknocksonlyonce千载难逢的机会

coraln.珊瑚

--hungrytodeath我饿得要死(即:我非常饿)

Caribbeann.加勒比海

--sillyadj.愚蠢的,无聊的

unrealisticadj.不真实

desert?island荒岛

They?caught?lobster?and?fish?every?day,and,?as?one?of?them?put?it?‘ate?like?kings‘.

paradisen.天堂,乐士

Form(v.形成,构成)=develop(vt.逐渐形成)

YoueitherstarvetodeathorlivelikeRobinsonCrusoe,Waitingforaboatwhichnever

imaginesthtobe=imaginesthas

Lifethereisandgood.Ripefruitllsfromthetreesandyouneverhavetowork.

barrenadj.不生育的,不孕的,贫瘠的n.荒地

quite?the?opposite恰恰相反/quitedifferent

--I?wish?that?I?could?go?abroad?tomorrow.

=Ifonlywecouldhavestayedonthedesertislandalittlebitlonger.

--Ifonlytheweatherwouldchange.=Iwishtheweatherwouldchange.

--after(连词)引导时间状语从句,表示动作在前。(A答案变为theyhadrowed就对了)

--developahabit=formahabit养成一种习惯

--Hardlyanybodylikeshimbecauseheissorude.几乎没人喜欢他,因为他非常。

Theothersideofthepictureisquitetheopposite.Lifeonadesertislandiswretched.

comes.

10...D完全不同的entirelydifferent

During?the?journey,?their?boat?began?to?sink.

Oppositeadj.相对的,相反的,对等的n.相反的事物

--Alargenumberofpeoplehaveformedanunrealisticpictureofthejob.

11...D新概念英语视频下载

--Thechancesarethathewillbeelectedthepresident.他有可能当选总统。

--Don’tmissanygoldenopportunities.

--AlargenumberpeopleimaginetheUSAastheirparadise.

3如果表达与将来事实相反的情况或将来不可能实现的心愿,that从句中要使用would,

lobstern.龙虾

they?had?to?leave.

3...Afend?for?oneself的照料某人

6...Cafter(介词)其后要和名词、动名词搭配

--leadawretched/miserable/terrible/dog’slife.过着悲惨的生活。

As?they?had?brought?a?spear?gun?with?them,?they?had?plenty?to?eat.

1hadboughtit(显然说明的是过去的情况)

Whatwaceptionalaboutthetwomen‘sstayonthedesertisland?

8...C为做过的事情后悔:regret?+?doingbesorrythat是否可以表示后悔去做某事?

optimisticadj.乐观的

--Somepeopleimagineflyingtobemoredangerousthantravelingbytrain.

Spearn.矛,枪

Virgin?Islands维尔京群岛

Optimistic(adj.乐观的)Pessimistic(adj.悲观的,消极的)

spear?gun捕鱼枪

genuinelyadv.由衷地

--Iwishyoucoulddriveacar.=Iamsorryyoucan’tdriveacar.

Miamin.迈阿密(美国最南的城市)

load…withsth把某物装载到…上

Eithercomeinorgoout,don’tstandonthedoorway.(门口,门道)

说明与现在情况相反的新概念,无论什么人称,be动词应该使用were.

goldenopportunity绝好的机会

=miserableadj.痛苦的,悲惨的,可怜

Both?men?were?genuinely?sorry?that?they?had?to?leave.

2...Dessential(adj.必需的,基本的)=?very?necessary?

--Duringthewar,alargeofpeoplestarvedtodeath.

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Scarceadj.缺乏的,不足的,稀有的,不充足的

Exceptionaladj.例外的,异常的

When?a?passing?tanker?rescued?them?five?days?later,?both?men?were?genuinely?sorry?that?

要是天气转晴该有多好啊!

anelementoftruth=abitoftruth

4couldplaythepianoaswell...

2couldn‘t/wouldn‘tmakesuchnoise.

--Theworkersareloadingthetruckwithgoods.

--Iwishthatyoucouldcomeheretomorrow.

tankern.油轮

be?a?problem.

provetobe=turnouttobe

Put=express

4if?only要比wish更富有戏剧性和感彩

Mostofushaveformedanunrealisticpictureoflifeonadesertisland.

5...Dfew?of?us我们当中没有几个人

--Hehadnoopportunitytoseeher.

--Youhardlyeatanything,what‘swrong?你几乎什么都没吃,怎么了?

Robinson?Crusoe鲁滨孙.克鲁索(小说《鲁滨孙漂流记》主人公)

Genuineadj.真实的,真正的,诚恳的

haveitrepaired(havesthdone)

Text课文

for?a?few?miles?across?the?Caribbean?until?they?arrived?at?a?tiny?coral?island.

Unload(vi.卸货,退子弹vt.倾销,卸)

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starvev.挨饿(--starvetodeath饿死)

inhabited(adj.有人居住的)uninhabited(adj.无人居住的)

naturallyadv.自然地,天然地

dessertn.甜点

unpopularadj.不流行的,不受欢迎的

unrealadj.不真实的,虚幻的

Youneverhavetowork=youneedn’twork=youdon’tneedtowork

--AlotofpeopleimaginetheUSAastheirparadise.